# [biblio] bst, format.name$, initials and tie (~) Matteo Gamboz gamboz at medialab.sissa.it Sat Jul 4 08:39:21 CEST 2020 On 7/4/20 12:42 AM, Karl Berry wrote: > Hi Matteo, > > If was expecting "A.~B.~C.~D" (with the ~ everywhere), but if the > current behavior is the expected one, I humbly ask the rationale :) > > Oren says the rationale is simply that line breaks have to be allowed > somewhere within long names. Even abbreviations of them can get long. that makes sense :) > To get ties between all parts, I think ~~ in the bst file is the answer > (I can't say I've tried it). See page 9 of btxhak.pdf, or fragment of > btxhak.tex copied below ... --best, karl. > > -- from btxhak.tex -- > Within each piece [of the format string given to format.name$]
> a double letter tells \BibTeX\ to use whole tokens, and
> a single letter, to abbreviate them (these letters must be at brace-level~1);
> everything else within the piece is used verbatim
> (well, almost everything---read on).
> The tie at the end of the von part (in \hbox{\verb|{vv~}|})
> is a discretionary tie---\BibTeX\ will output a tie at that point
> if it thinks there's a need for one;
> otherwise it will output a space.
> If you really, really, want a tie there,
> regardless of what \BibTeX\ thinks, use two of them
> (only one will be output); that is, use \hbox{\verb|{vv~~}|}.
>

thanks you!
m


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