no more subject prefix for xetex mailing list

Zdenek Wagner zdenek.wagner at
Tue Mar 5 21:53:49 CET 2019

út 5. 3. 2019 v 16:44 odesílatel Julian Bradfield
<jcb+xetex at> napsal:
> On 2019-03-05, Zdenek Wagner <zdenek.wagner at> wrote:
> >> > And the last thing, setting of DMARC at is wrong, the DNS
> >> > query returns the SPF record, not the DMARC record.
> >>
> >> No, it isn't wrong - there is no setting for DMARC.
> >> A dns query for TXT records returns two records:
> >>
> >>         8555    IN      CNAME
> >>                8555    IN      TXT     "v=spf1 a ~all"
> >>
> >> has a wildcard CNAME * -> (which strikes me as
> >> bad practice, but not wrong).
> >>
> >> DMARC does not specify whether CNAMEs should be followed, but even if
> >> they are, DMARC only looks at valid DMARC records.
> >>
> > Yes, there is CNAME but it refers to a SPF record, not to DMARC
> > record. DMARC should contain a different type of information with a
> > different syntax.
> It seems you understand the DNS no better than DMARC.
OK, now I understand. I did not expect CNAME for * It was
probably intended for the A records but it applies to the TXT records
as well.

> A CNAME record is an alias, and it does not refer to an SPF record.
> The CNAME redirects the name * (including to
> .
> Since TUG has SPF set up, there is a TXT record at containing
> SPF information. There could be many other TXT records at, as
> well as A, MX and other records.
> Hence a query for TXT records at returns the
> information that there is an SPF TXT record at . It does not
> return any DMARC TXT record, either at or at .
> Thus DMARC correctly concludes that does not have DMARC set
> up.
> Having just checked the DMARC wiki, I find that CNAMEs are expected to
> be followed when looking up DMARC records.
> So now could do two thing to deploy DMARC - it could attach a
> DMARC TXT record to, in which case lookup for
> wil find that via the CNAME; or it could - correctly - put the DMARC
> record at, in which case lookup for will
> find that record directly, as wildcard CNAMEs are not applied to any
> domain for which a real record exists.

Zdeněk Wagner

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