[l2h] I'd like a way to have four Greek words displayed in a .html file produced by LaTeX2HTML without too much space between adjacent Greek letters.

Pat Somerville l_pat_s at hotmail.com
Thu Feb 14 06:28:02 CET 2013

Also I suppose the "latex2html ........ .tex" command should include a 
"unicode" option in it, as in for example "-html_version4.0,math,unicode," 
when explicitly including hexadecimal codes for Unicode characters in a .tex 
file.  And the version of HyperText Markup Language (HTML) used in that 
command might be important, too, for example "-html_version3.2" or 
"-html_version4.0".  So for anyone with a successful result and especially 
for Lucio Chiappetti, I'd like to know what "latex2html ....... .tex" 
command you may have used with a .tex file containing explicit hexadecimal 
codes in order to generate any words not using Latin or English-language 
characters in a .html file produced by LaTeX2HTML.


From: "Pat Somerville" <l_pat_s at hotmail.com>
Sent: Wednesday, February 13, 2013 9:34 PM
To: <latex2html at tug.org>
Subject: Re: [l2h] I'd like a way to have four Greek words displayed in a 
.html file produced by LaTeX2HTML without too much space between adjacent 
Greek letters.

> Thanks, Nasser M. Abbasi and Lucio Chiappetti, for very kindly taking some 
> time to write to me with your ideas concerning the problem of how to 
> obtain Greek words without abnormal-looking spacing between pairs of 
> letters in such words in a HyperText Markup Language (.hrml) file when 
> viewed in a Web browser.  Nasser, your method of getting a Greek word into 
> .html output using the computer program htlatex in a command of the form 
> "htlatex TestFile.tex" gratefully worked for me, too.  I found that the 
> .html output file it produced was located in the same directory as my 
> test, .tex file. Apparently I already had the program htlatex installed in 
> my openSUSE-12.2, Linux operating system.  Gratefully the reference 
> numbering appeared equally good for me using either HTLatex (or htlatex) 
> or LaTeX2HTML.  So thanks to you, Nasser, there is one working solution to 
> getting a Greek word into a .html file.
> Thanks, Lucio Chiappetti, for your idea of inputting hexadecimal (probably 
> Unicode) codes for Greek letters, something you wrote that you did for at 
> least some Cyrillic or Russian letters.  I have what I suppose might be a 
> variant of your idea that gratefully worked for me.  The beginning of it 
> is I suppose exactly the method you proposed.---Thanks for your reference 
> to the main Unicode Web site with the Uniform Resource Locator (URL) of I 
> think http://www.unicode.org/ on the Internet!  From 
> http://www.unicode.org/charts/PDF/U0370.pdf I gratefully found the 
> hexadecimal, Unicode Standard-6.2 codes for all of the Greek letters I 
> wanted to use in my .html file.  So for the Greek word chronos, I think 
> meaning time, and composed of the Greek letters \chi, \rho, omicron, \nu, 
> omicron, and \varsigma, as all but omicron are entered into a LaTeX, .tex 
> file (I think for omicron LaTeX may just use the letter "o" from the Latin 
> or Roman alphabet used in the English language.), here are the hexadecimal 
> codes for those Greek letters:
> chi: 03C7
> rho: 03C1
> omicron: 03BF
> nu: 03BD
> again omicron: 03BF
> varsigma: 03C2
> Following the instructions at http://text-symbols.com/html/Unicode/, I 
> edited the HTML (HyperText Markup Language) code of the .html file with a 
> name of the form TestFile.html produced by a command of the form 
> "latex2html ....-html_version3.2.......... TestFile.tex".  In my case I 
> opened the file with the name of the form TestFile.html in the text editor 
> Kate in an openSUSE-12.2, Linux operating system and in the place where I 
> wanted Greek words to appear entered their hexadecimal codes in the 
> general manner indicated below for just one of the Greek words chronos:
> English-language text here 
> &#x03C7;&#x03C1;&#x03BF;&#x03BD;&#x03BF;&#x03C2; more English-language 
> text here.
> I paid no attention to the encoding of that .html file.  I think the usual 
> case may be the 8-bit Uniform Transformation Format (UTF-8) encoding for 
> files I often open in the text editor Kate in my openSUSE, Linux operating 
> systems over the years.  I probably saved the edited file.  Then with that 
> .html file open in my Konqueror Web browser I could gratefully see the 
> Greek word chronos in Greek letters displayed on that Web page (If that 
> file was already open in my Konqueror Web browser, then I may have clicked 
> on the Konqueror Web browser border and then pressed the F5 key of my 
> computer keyboard in order to refresh that Web page after making the 
> changes to the HTML source code for that Web page.).
> But from the way you have written, Lucio, I suppose that you might instead 
> have somehow entered the hexadecimal codes for your Cyrillic letters in a 
> .tex, LaTeX file and executed a "latex2html..... .tex" command on it to 
> obtain the display of those Cyrillic characters in the .html output file 
> of LaTeX2HTML.  Is this idea correct?  If that guess is correct, could you 
> please include the relevant LaTeX commands which produced such a result 
> for you?
> After reading portions of some Web pages written by other people, I tried 
> in a few ways to have the combination of LaTeX and LaTeX2HTML produce 
> Greek words in a .html file produced by LaTeX2HTML.  For example, in some 
> situations I included commands of the following forms, but not all of them 
> at the same time:
> ...
> \usepackage[mathletters]{ucs}  (I found ucs.sty in the directory 
> /usr/share/texmf/tex/latex/ucs for LaTeX2HTML 1.71 and my version of 
> LaTeX.)
> \usepackage[utf8x]{inputenc}  (I found inputenc.sty in the directory 
> /usr/share/texmf/tex/latex/base for LaTeX2HTML 1.71 and my version of 
> LaTeX.)
> ...
> \char"03B2   (or)
> \unicodechar{03B2} (or)
> &x03B2
> (or)
> \begin{htmlonly}\unicodechar{03C7}\end{htmlonly}
> (or)
> \begin{htmlonly}\char"03C7\end{htmlonly}
> ..
> \end{document}
> But despite my experimenting, I failed to see the Greek letters I wanted 
> to see in a .html file produced by a "latex2html ........ .tex" command on 
> a .tex file including one or more hexadecimal codes.  So if my guess of at 
> least what you generally did in the past was correct and you can find what 
> you did in the past with the Cyrillic letters in a .tex file, please help 
> with a combination of LaTeX commands and correct syntaxes for them that 
> yielded the display of Cyrillic letters in a .html file produced by 
> LaTeX2HTML.  Aside from using different Unicode numbers for different 
> characters, I would not expect the LaTeX procedure to use for Greek 
> letters to be very different from the procedure you may have used with 
> Cyrillic letters.  Thanks in advance for your searching for what you did 
> in the past.
> Pat
> --------------------------------------------------
> From: "Lucio Chiappetti" <lucio at lambrate.inaf.it>
> Sent: Tuesday, February 12, 2013 4:58 AM
> To: "Pat Somerville" <l_pat_s at hotmail.com>
> Subject: Re: [l2h] I'd like a way to have four Greek words displayed in a 
> .html file produced by LaTeX2HTML without too much space between adjacent 
> Greek letters.
>> On Tue, 12 Feb 2013, Pat Somerville wrote:
>>> Hello. I would like to enter four Greek words into a .html (HyperText 
>>> Markup Language) file produced by LaTeX2HTML that otherwise
>> I use latexhtml very seldom, and I've never dealt with Greek or other 
>> non-Latin alphabets in LaTeX, but this is more or less how I'll do it.
>> I know there is a \latexonly environment in LaTeX2HTML ... I'm not sure 
>> whether there is an \htmlonly or a conditional one (if latex do this if 
>> html do that ... perhaps \latexhtml in conjunction with rawhtml ?). But 
>> you should be able to look it up in the manual.
>> I assume you know how to deal with the latex part (write word in greek). 
>> My default would be to use math environment and letters like \alpha \beta 
>> etc. Clumsy but should work.
>> For the HTML part I'd use the &xhhhh; hexadecimal expressions of the 
>> greek letters in Unicode (see www.unicode.org for the tables). I used 
>> this trick to include cyrillic (russian) in some pages. Also clumsy but 
>> works for a few words.
>> -- 
>> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>> Lucio Chiappetti - INAF/IASF - via Bassini 15 - I-20133 Milano (Italy)
>> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>> Italian Research STILL at risk.  La Ricerca italiana TUTTORA a rischio !
>> see http://sax.iasf-milano.inaf.it/~lucio/WWW/Opinions/nobrain3.html cfr

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