[XeTeX] XeTex and Accents

Radhakrishna Valiveti rvaliveti at yahoo.com
Fri Jan 18 20:25:48 CET 2008

Hi John:
  Thanks for your pointers to solving the problem I had mentioned. The approach followed by exaccent (the style file I am using) is exactly aligned with the approach you had suggested. The current approach requires knowing the encoding used for the font. I don't see how it could be avoided.

Radhakrishna Valiveti 
rvaliveti at yahoo.com 

----- Original Message ----
From: John Was <john.was at ntlworld.com>
To: Unicode-based TeX for Mac OS X and other platforms <xetex at tug.org>
Sent: Friday, January 18, 2008 12:27:31 AM
Subject: Re: [XeTeX] XeTex and Accents


Hello Radhakrishna


Even now I quite often find it useful to 
employ an \overstrike macro which must have been one of the first things I wrote 
when I started to read the TeXBook.  It superimposes two characters on top 
of each other, the narrow centred on the longer.  It could be tidied up a 
bit but here it is in its rought state:



   \kern -0.5\wd0 \kern 
-0.5\wd1 \copy1 \kern -0.5\wd1 \kern 0.5\wd0}

(You would have to adapt that for LaTeX's 
\DeclareTextCommand - I don't (yet) use LaTeX.)


The contents of each box can be varied up and 
down (use \smash to give it zero height if you think this is going to interfere 
with \baselineskip), and you can invoke characters from different fonts - so if 
you have a font with a delicate horizontal bar, for example, that could be used 
in #2 of the macro rather than the main font's hyphen character (which will 
usually look ugly if you force it to serve as an accent, which it wasn't 
designed to be).


You can nest \overstrike commands, which in 
the days before the Unicode combining accents was a useful way of getting 
something like a macron with an acute above.  Measurements should always be 
in terms of em (or ex) so that the right height is chosen regardless of 
which point-size you are using.


Now if you find this works nicely with 
one font but gives an ugly effect in another, you could use


\if   \else  \fi


to give a series of alternative 
definitions.  In your font definitions you would then have to include a 
\....true command.  So to switch between definitions for Times and 
Garamond, for example, give at the start of your file


\newif \iftimes

\newif \ifgaramond


and whenever one of these fonts is used set 
\timestrue or \garamondtrue.


The accent definitions would then 


\iftimes [DEFINITION ONE] 

    \ifgaramond [DEFINITION 


All this, of course, is very ugly in view of 
what you can do neatly with Unicode fonts that have the proper accent support, 
but if you are forced into using old fonts, and old .TEX files, this might at 
least give you a pointer about how you could control the appearance of 







---------Original Message ----- 


  To: xetex 

  Sent: Friday, January 18, 2008 2:59 

  Subject: [XeTeX] XeTex and Accents



  I have recently started using xelatex (with MikTex 2.7) instead of pdflatex. I 
  have a question about getting accents with xetex. Here are couple of 
  constraints/requirements for what I am looking for:

    For the book that I am working we need to use three TTF fonts (for 
    different portions of the text): MS Trebuchet, Futura, and Arial. I don't 
    have much freedom in choosing different fonts (since we have to preserve the 
    formatting used in earlier editions of the book).

    The text in each of these fonts may have the accents: \=, \d, and \. 
    applied to some of the letters. Sometimes, the text with these accents is 
    underlined as well. In order to make sure that underline doesn't hide the 
    dot below the letter, I need to control the placement of the dot accurately. 

    I would like a general solution that would produce controllable 
    accents/diacritics, regardless of the fonts. If there has to be some 
    dependence on the fonts, I would like such dependencies to be localized to 
    very few macros. It appears to me that using the "preformed" character from 
    the font (if it exists) may not give me all the flexibility I need. What do 
    you think?

     I am currently using the style files: fontspec, exaccent and the 
    following macros to control the placement of diacritics that I 
% Adjustment to the 
    location of 

But I find that the macron over the letter is just too large and 
    doesn't look nice (the hyphen looks too small as an overbar). Do we have any 
    other choice for this? 

    I would like the same macro(s) to work with (a) older, non-unicode TTF 
    fonts that have been somehow adapted by fontspec to be usable by xetex, or 
    (b) newer unicode fonts on my machine. When I tried the unicode font called 
    "Gentium" (which I found on the scripts.sil.org website), the diacritics over 
    the letters in this font don't look appealing at all (i.e. the above 
    TextCommands don't seem to have any affect --- it is perhaps picking a 
    preformed glyph from the font). Is there anything I can 
 I look forward to hearing from people who have faced 
  similar issues, and may have a solution to this issue.

Radhakrishna Valiveti 
rvaliveti at yahoo.com 



XeTeX mailing 
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