# [texhax] Pretty easy Question about \vspace and \paragraph

Reinhard Kotucha reinhard.kotucha at web.de
Wed Aug 29 05:29:14 CEST 2012

On 2012-08-29 at 10:21:02 +0900, Vladimir Lomov wrote:

> Hello,
>
> ** 阮铮 [2012-08-29 08:21:25 +0800]:
>
> > Hi everyone,
>
> > I am new to latex and I am trying to typesetting my homework using
> > latex. A small problem confused me all the way.
>
> welcome!
>
> > Here is a small example:
>
> > \documentclass{article}
> > \begin{document}
> > \paragraph{Hello} this is a paragraph\\
> > \vspace{4mm}
> > something here\\
> > some other things here\\
> > \end{document}
>
>
> > When I compiled the code above, the \vspace does not show its
> > effect on the direct following paragraph. "something here" still
> > closely located with above paragraph. Can anybody tell me why? Or
> > is there any method to make more space between the paragraph and
> > "something here".
>
> You have to read some manual before act and ask questions, like
> "Not So Short Introduction to LaTeX", if you have TeX Live
> installed run 'texdoc lshort' there you will find section 6.3.4

file?

Your proposal has no effect.  Well, a paragraph ends at an empty line.
\\ doesn't end a paragraph, hence TeX is still in horizontal mode
where \vspace has no effect.

You can use \vspace only in vertical mode, i.e. between paragraphs.

\vspace* should be avioded.  It's probably a last resort in some
situations.

at the end of each paragraph.  \vspace is taken into account then.

\paragraph{Hello} this is a paragraph

\vspace{4mm}
something here

beginners who used \\ at the end of each line.  I'm wondering where
this suggestion comes from.

Regards,
Reinhard

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Reinhard Kotucha                                      Phone: +49-511-3373112
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