[metapost] graphing problems in metapost
Yogeshwarsing Calleecharan
yogeshwarsing.calleecharan at ltu.se
Fri Nov 11 12:32:08 CET 2011
Hi,
I have some data as follows (first and second columns) in the file
mydata.d which I want to graph:
8 98826 year 2008
9 104925 year 2009
10 140153 year 2010
11 178414 year 2011
As we have big numbers in the second numbers, I have used the macro
sarith. Here's my metapost code for the plot:
input graph
input sarith
beginfig(1);
draw begingraph(8cm,5cm);
setrange(8,whatever,12,whatever);
gdraw "mydata.d" withpen pencircle scaled 1.5pt;;
gdraw "mydata.d" plot btex $\bullet$ etex;
autogrid(otick.bot,);
gdotlabel.lrt(btex $98\;826$ etex, 8,"98826");
gdotlabel.lrt(btex $104\;925$ etex, 9,"104925");
gdotlabel.lrt(btex $140\;153$ etex, 10,"140153");
gdotlabel.lrt(btex $178\;414$ etex, 11,"178414");
endgraph;
endfig;
end
So I am plotting the first two columns, taking away the y-axis tickmarks
and labels and also writing the y-value at each coordinate in the plot.
I have the following questions:
1. I wanted to show the year i.e. 2008 to 2010 but metapost just shows
2010 along the x-axis and this is why I have chosen the numbers 8 to 10
instead. Why is that?
2. If you plot the curves, you would see two dots at each coordinate
where the corresponding y-value is written. Why is this happening? This
occurs even if I take away
the line gdraw "mydata.d" plot btex $\bullet$ etex. In the
gdotlabel lines, I have to include the numbers in the second column in
quotes e.g. "98826". Is this causing a
problem for metapost to be accurate at such a large numbers and
hence the appearance of two dots?
3. If from 1 we can show the year 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011 well, then
how can we display them but rotated say 90 degree anticlockwise so that
the labels do not take
too much space horizintally?
4. If I ask metapost to display the y values on the y-axis, well it will
write in exponential form instead of pure decimal form like 100000,
150000 etc. How to achieve this?
5. I understand that metapost ignores columns other than the two columns
and this is useful to write comments pertaining to that line e.g. year
2008 on the first line.
However if I would like to add a global comment to the whole file
such as "Number of apples I ate in each year", then I cannot do this in
the beginning of the file.
I presume that we can do it at the end of the file, but how? I have
tried leaving blank spaces and starting the comment line with a % sign
but this doesn't work.
I am using TeXLive 2010 under Win XP with MetaPost, version 1.211.
Thanks a lot for your kind help...
Best Regards,
Y.Calleecharan
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