[OS X TeX] \includegraphics question

Bruno Voisin bvoisin at mac.com
Fri Nov 30 06:51:18 CET 2007

Le 30 nov. 07 à 00:57, brian at pongonova.net a écrit :

> But I digress:  Your comment led me to digging deeper into the
> logfile, and what I was missing was that the log was being overwritten
> (as mentioned by another poster) because pdfeTeX is being run *twice*:
> Once to generate a .dvi (which, in turn, is displayed by gs) and once
> to generate a .pdf.  The second run overwrites the logfile, so it
> wasn't apparent what was going on.

This is really weird: why would pdfeTeX be run first in DVI mode, and  
second in PDF mode?

BTW, this is something specific to recent TeXLive versions: there no  
longer separate programs, one tex TeX generating DVI output only  
(converted afterwards from DVI to PS by dvips and from PS to PDF by  
GhostScript) and the other pdfTeX generating PDF output only. The  
default is now pdfTeX, which either runs in PDF mode to produce PDF  
output directly, or in DVI mode to produce DVI output. From the man  
page of pdftex:

        pdfTeX is a version of TeX, with the e-TeX extensions, that  
can  create
        PDF files as well as DVI files.

        In  DVI  mode, pdfTeX can be used as a complete replacement  
for the TeX

        The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for  
which  PDF
        output has been enabled.  The pdftex command uses the  
equivalent of the
        plain TeX format, and the pdflatex command uses the  
equivalent  of  the
        LaTeX format.  To generate formats, use the -ini switch.

        The pdfinitex and pdfvirtex commands are pdfTeX's analogues to  
the ini-
        tex and virtex commands.  In this installation,  if  the   
links  exist,
        they are symbolic links to the pdftex executable.

        In  PDF  mode,  pdfTeX can natively handle the PDF, JPG,  
JBIG2, and PNG
        graphics formats.  pdfTeX cannot  include  PostScript  or   
        PostScript  (EPS)  graphics  files;  first  convert  them  to  
PDF using
        epstopdf(1).  pdfTeX's handling of its command-line arguments  
is  simi-
        lar to that of of the other TeX programs in the web2c  

It's only when tex is invoked from the command line (meaning with the  
plain TeX format) that the original TeX is used, as a specific request  
from Don Knuth who wants to be sure TeX will give exactly the same  
output as before when processing the carefully handcrafted code for  
his books. Otherwise, when either latex, pdftex or pdflatex are  
invoked, it's actually pdfTeX which is used.

I'm not sure what's actually selects the mode. I think it's the name  
under which pdfTeX is invoked: when invoking latex (actually a symlink  
to pdftex), pdftex is run in DVI mode; when invoking pdflatex  
(actually a symlink to pdftex), pdftex is run in PDF mode.

> So essentially, what I have is my EPS files being used to generate a
> .dvi file (with no intermediate conversion to PDF), and my PDF files
> being used to generate a .pdf file.

Technically, if we're being picky, EPS files are not used to generate  
DVI files: DVI files contain only calls to EPS files through  
\special's, and it's dvips which processes the \special's to read the  
EPS files and incorporate them in its PS output. But that's irrelevant  

> While it would be nice to have the EPS files converted to PDF, I
> suppose I'll just have to live with this.
> BTW, epstopdf is generting the following error:
>    Package epstopdf Warning: Graphics driver file `pdftex.def' not  
> loaded
> Would this be a possible reason why EPS files aren't being converted?

epstopdf may have two different meanings:

- The epstopdf Perl script from /usr/texbin. I don't think that's what  
you mean.

- The epstopdf.sty LaTeX package, performing automatic conversion of  
EPS files to PDF format (through the epstopdf script) during a pdfTeX  
run. This package should only be used when running pdfTeX in PDF mode;  
otherwise it's pointless and probably harmful. From /usr/local/texlive/ 

2 Usage
The package is loaded after graphic {s,x}, e.g.:
Now images with extension ‘.eps’ are detected and supported:
	• Implicitly: \includegraphics{bild}
	If bild.eps is present, but bild.pdf is missed, then bild.eps is  
	to bild.pdf that is then included by pdfTEX. On the next ocurrences or
	on the next pdfTEX run, the PDF file is already available, so the  
	step is skipped.
	• Explicitly: \includegraphics{bild.eps}
Each time the conversion program is called.

The error message you get seems to indicate you didn't specify the  
[pdftex] option to graphicx. But really epstopdf.sty shoudn't be used  
when producing DVI output, only when producing PDF output directly.

Without knowing the exact list of LaTeX packages you're using, the  
options with which they are loaded and the order in which they are  
loaded, and without knowing the exact command-line instructions the  
latex-suite amounts to in vim, I can't see what else can be said at  
this stage.


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