PDF accessibility and PDF standards

This page collects the information about the development of the methods to create PDF documents with TeX accoding to PDF/UA accessibility standards, and other emerging PDF standards.

Documentation about PDF/UA and other standards

Documentation about PDF

  1. Adobe Systems Inc.; PDF Reference 1.7, November 2006. http://www.adobe.com/devnet/pdf/pdf_reference.html.
  2. Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, Version 1.1, October 2010 http://dublincore.org/documents/dces/
  3. 4th International PDF/A Conference Proceedings, October 2010. http://www.pdfa.org/publication/4th-international-pdfa-conference-pdfa-forever/
  4. Olaf Drümmer and Bettina Chang. PDF/UA in a Nutshell, August 2013. http://www.pdfa.org/publication/pdfua-in-a-nutshell/
  5. PDF Association. Official PDF Flyer, December 2013. http://www.pdfa.org/publication/official-pdf-flyer-english/
  6. The Matterhorn Protocol 1.02. PDF/UA Conformance Testing Model, April 2014/ http://www.pdfa.org/publication/the-matterhorn-protocol-1/

ISO standards

  1. ISO 19005-1:2005; Document Management — Electronic document file format for long term preservation — Part 1: Use of PDF 1.4 (PDF/A-1); Technical Committee ISO/TC 171/SC 2 (Sept. 2005). Revisions via Corrigenda: ISO 19005-1:2005/Cor 1:2007 (March 2007); ISO 19005-1:2005/Cor 2:2011 (Dec. 2011).
    http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=38920.
  2. ISO 19005-2:2011; Document Management — Electronic document file format for long term preservation — Part 2: Use of ISO 32000-1 (PDF/A-2); Technical Committee ISO/TC 171/SC 2 (June 2011). http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=50655.
  3. ISO 19005-3:2012; Document Management — Electronic document file format for long term preservation — Part 3: Use of ISO 32000-1 with support for embedded files (PDF/A-3); Technical Committee ISO/TC 171/SC 2 (October 2012).
    http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=57229.
  4. ISO 32000-1:2008; Document management — Portable document format (PDF 1.7); Technical Committee ISO/TC 171/SC 2 (July 2008). Also available as [1].
    http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=51502.
  5. ISO 32000-2-20140220; Document management — Portable document format — Part 2: PDF 2.0; Technical Committee ISO/TC 171/SC 2, in draft form (Feb. 2014).
  6. ISO 24517-1:2008; Document Management — Engineering document format using PDF — Part 1: Use of PDF 1.6 (PDF/E-1); Technical Committee ISO/TC 171/SC 2 (May 2008).
    http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=42274.
  7. ISO 14289-1:2012; Document management applications — Electronic document file format enhancement for accessibility — Part 1: Use of ISO 32000-1 (PDF/UA-1); Technical Committee ISO/TC 171/SC 2 (July 2012). http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=54564.
    Revised as ISO 14289-1:2014 (December 2014): http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=64599.
  8. PDF/UA Technical Implementation Guide: Understanding ISO 14289-1 (PDF/UA-1). AIIM Global Community of Information Professionals. http://www.aiim.org/Re search-and-Publications/standards/committees/PDFUA/Technical-Implementation -Guide.
  9. ISO 16612-2:2010; Graphic technology — Variable data exchange — Part 2: Using PDF/X-4 and PDF/X-5 (PDF/VT-1 and PDF/VT-2). Technical Committee ISO/TC 130 (December 2005). http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm? csnumber=38013.
  10. ISO 15930-1:2001; Graphic technology — Prepress digital data exchange — Use of PDF — Part 1: Complete exchange using CMYK data (PDF/X-1 and PDF/X-1a). Technical Committee ISO/TC 130 (December 2001). http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=29061.
  11. ISO 15930-3:2002; Graphic technology — Prepress digital data exchange — Use of PDF — Part 3: Complete exchange suitable for colour-managed workflows (PDF/X-3). Technical Committee ISO/TC 130 (September 2002). http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=34941.
  12. ISO 15930-4:2003; Graphic technology — Prepress digital data exchange — Use of PDF — Part 4: Complete exchange of CMYK and spot colour printing data using PDF 1.4 (PDF/X-1a). Technical Committee ISO/TC 130 (December 2003). http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=39938.
  13. ISO 15930-6:2003; Graphic technology — Prepress digital data exchange — Use of PDF — Part 6: Complete exchange of printing data suitable for colour-managed workflows using PDF 1.4 (PDF/X-3). Technical Committee ISO/TC 130 (December 2003). http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=39940.
  14. ISO 15930-7:2010; Graphic technology — Prepress digital data exchange — Use of PDF — Part 7: Complete exchange of printing data (PDF/X-4) and partial exchange of printing data with external profile reference (PDF/X-4p) using PDF 1.6. Technical Committee ISO/TC 130 (July 2010). http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=55843.
  15. ISO 15930-8:2010; Graphic technology — Prepress digital data exchange — Use of PDF — Part 8: Partial exchange of printing data using PDF 1.6 (PDF/X-5). Technical Committee ISO/TC 130 (July 2010). http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=55844. Revision via Corrigendum: ISO 15930-8:2010/Cor 1:2011 (August 2011); http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=60210.
  16. ISO 16684-1:2012; Graphic technology — Extensible metadata platform (XMP) specification — Part 1: Data model, serialization and core properties. Technical Committee ISO/TC 130 (February 2012). http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=57421.

Selected papers

  1. T. Groza, S. Handschuh, K. Möller, and S. Decker; SALT — semantically annotated LATEX for scientific publications. ESWC, number 4519 pp. 518–532. Springer (2007).
  2. M. Kohlhase; Using LATEX as a Semantic Markup Format in Mathematics in Computer Science (2:2) pp. 279–304. Birkhäuser (2008).
  3. M. Kohlhase; STEX: Semantic Markup in TEX/LATEX. Documentation of the STEX packages. https://trac.kwarc.info/sTeX/export/2430/trunk/sty/stex.pdf
  4. Moore, Ross R. Ongoing efforts to generate ``tagged PDF'' using pdfTeX, TUGboat, 30(2), 170--175, 2009, https://www.tug.org/TUGboat/tb30-2/tb95moore.pdf.
    Also: Moore, Ross R.; Ongoing efforts to generate “tagged PDF” using pdfTEX, in DML 2009, Towards a digital Mathematics Library, Proceedings, Petr Sojka (editor), Muni Press, Masaryk University, 2009. ISBN 978-80-20-4781-5.
  5. Moore, Ross R.; Tagged Mathematics in PDFs for Accessibility and other purposes, in CICM-WS-WiP 2013, Workshops and Work in Progress at CICM, CEUR Workshops Proceedings. http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1010/paper-01.pdf.
  6. Moore, Ross R.; PDF/A-3u as an archival format for Accessible mathematics, in S.M. Watt et al. (Eds.): CICM 2014, LNAI 8543, pp. 184–199, 2014. http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1010/paper-01.pdf.
  7. Ross Moore, Semantic Enrichment of Mathematics via `tooltips', preprint, 2015, https://tug.org/tug2015/preprints/moore-mathsem-cicm2015-v7.pdf (see also the full paper in CICM 2015 Proceedings and supporting materials)

Videos

  1. Ross Moore, Towards Tagged PDF, TUG'2009. http://river-valley.zeeba.tv/towards-tagged-pdf/
  2. Ross Moore, TeX + MathML for Tagged PDF, the next frontier in mathematical typesetting, TUG'2010. http://river-valley.zeeba.tv/tex-mathml-for-tagged-pdf-the-next-frontier-in-mathematical-typesetting/
  3. Ross Moore, Further advances toward Tagged pdf for mathematics, TUG'2011. http://river-valley.zeeba.tv/further-advances-toward-tagged-pdf-for-mathematics/
  4. Ross Moore, `Fake spaces' with pdftex — best of both worlds, TUG'2014. http://river-valley.zeeba.tv/%E2%80%9Cfake-spaces%E2%80%9D-with-pdftex%E2%80%94best-of-both-worlds/
  5. Ross Moore, Semantic enrichment of mathematics using `active comments' TUG'2015. http://river-valley.zeeba.tv/semantic-enrichment-of-mathematics-using-%E2%80%98active-comments%E2%80%99/

CTAN packages

  1. accsupp - Better accessibility support for PDF files
  2. glossaries-accsupp - Acessibility support for glossaries
  3. pdfcomment - A user-friendly interface to pdf annotations
  4. pdfx - PDF/X-1a and PDF/A-1b support for pdfTeX

See also CTAN 'accessible' topic.

TUG working group

Mailing list


Questions and Comments? Please contact Accessibility list.


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