TUG 2005 International Typesetting Conference will be held in Wuhan, which is the capital city of Hubei province. In the history, Wuhan is famous for the rebellion and revolution in 1911, which had thrown away the conquer of the Qing Dynasty, thus finalized the feudalism ran in China for more than 2,000 years.
Wuhan is a renowned metropolis located in central China which boasts of a centuries-ling history. Situated on the eastern edge of Jianghan plain where the Yangtze River and Han River collide and the two rivers cut the city into three: Wuchang, Hankou, and Hanyang, shaping a unique tripod city arrangement. Wuhan enjoys a typical semitropical wet monsoon climate, where the four seasons are very distinctive. Since Wuhan's summer is extremely hot and long, the city is nicknamed "The Stove", or "Wuhot".
Archaeologists can trace the genealogy of Wuhan to the relics of Shang Dynasty (16 B.C.-11 B.C.) which was excavated some five kilometers away from the city center. Wuhan had already turned into a civilized society as far back as 3,500 years ago and by the Nan Dynasty (A.D.420-589), the city had become a famous commercial port. In the Tang & Song Dynasties (A.D.618-1279), it had developed into a prosperous business center with a sophisticated water transportation network. The city was later recognized as one of the "Four Noted Towns of the Nation" and the trading center for central China.
One verse best describes Wuhan of that time. "Sails and masts the line up for thousands of meters, and millions of houses lit up for all night long". The city was a very busy place and even at that early time, the waterways from Wuhan ran to Sichuan, Guizhou,Henan, Shanxi, Hunan, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, and Anhui provinces. In modern times as a commercial port opening to the outside world, Wuhan consecutively became a concession of Britain, Russia, France, Germany, and Japan, where a dozen of countries later set up consulates. After the Westernization Movement took place in 1860's, modern industry and education began thriving in Wuhan, whose waterways extended directly to many overseas countries and the city then gradually grew into a prosperous industrial and commercial venue.
In the 20th Century, Wuhan became increasingly influential. As the apex of the Revolution of 1911, the city was at the heart of both the National Revolution and the center of the National Movement of Resisting Japan and Saving the Nation.
Thus being undoubtedly a revolutionist city, politically Wuhan was ground zero. Today Wuhan has grown into its current economic, financial, trading, science, education and information center within Middle China.
Wuhan is in the hinterland of China, it's the population as the 4th largest one in China after Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, when the Chongqing city was expanded several years ago, it is now the 5th largest Chinese city. Wuhan has three towns, called Hankou, Wuchang, and HanYang. They are split by the Changjiang River and Han River. Changjiang River is the 3rd longest river in the world (its water volume is also the 3rd), and Han River is its largest branch. The conference site is near the East Lake, in Wuchang.
Due to the unique position in the central China, the distances from Wuhan to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Xi'An, Chengdu are almost the same. There are several ways for you to come to Wuhan.
Beijing, Shanghai, and Hong Kong are all the available ports reachable from the major airports in London, Paris, Frankfurt, Vienna, Milan, ... all these airports have the traffic connections to these Chinese cities. And all these Chinese cities are connected to Wuhan.
Once you embarked in China, you can take a flight or by railway to Wuhan. Note that Wuhan is the hub in the hinterland of China, the traffic is easy. You can travel to Wuhan by railway or by air (depends on your budget).
The tricky issue is that Wuhan had two airports! One is the new-built Wuhan TianHe Airport (the code is "WUH"), this is tne one you should arrive in! . Another is located in the suburb of HanKou, which is now obsolete. When you arrive in TianHe airport, please try to figure out the TUG2005 flag we placed there, and we should have the volunteers there waiting for you, they will lead you to the bus, or bring you to the hotel (if we have enough volunteers available).
Once you can not find the flag or our volunteers (if you were arrive in the night too late, for example), then you can take the shuttle bus to the end station into the city, and we will find you in the end stop and pick you up from there. In any case, please write us your flight number and arriving date, so that we can welcome you at the airport.
By train, it is a night of travel, Chinese train system has accelerated for times in the past three years, and it runs at 120-160KM/H, also the wagons are new-made and the style is more like the European ones. It is comfortable.
As mentioned above, Wuhan is a city consists of three small towns (HanKou, HanYang, WuChang), split by two rivers, you have take a look to the maps published at http://www.rons.net.cn/tug2005/maps.html.
From Beijing to Wuhan by train is quite easy, it is just over a night for 10 hours. (The railway line numbered Z3, departed from Beijing at 20:42, and arrive in HanKou station at 06:52 in the second day, the distance is 1205KM. The ticket price is around 28 Euro.
if you take air, the flight from Beijing to Wuhan is about 100 minutes, there are 6-8 flights everyday. The price is around 50-80 Euro, depends on which airline you take. So it is also quite easy. We evaluate this route is the best one for you travel.
If you prefer by air when you arrive in Hong Kong, please don't book the air ticket from the Hong Kong to Wuhan directly if your budget is tough. There is direct flight from Hong Kong to Wuhan, but it is regarded as an international route, and the ticket price is sometimes three times expensive than the domestic airlines for nearly the same Euclidian distance. The economic way is to travel to Shenzhen's airport, you can go to the shuttle bus station from the Shenzhen railway station by taxi (which is not very far from there), then take the shuttle bus to the Shenzhen airport.
You could fly from an European airport to Hong Kong, and then take a train to Shenzhen via the Hong Kong's subway system. Note that English did a terrible municipal planning before they left HK, the Hong Kong's new airport is in the sea island and very far from the Hong Kong city center, by taxi it will cost about 250-300 HKD (depends up on the traffic time). So the cheap way is to take the shuttle bus, or by the subway. You should go to Kowloon Tong station, and switch to the train to Shenzhen from there.
You need to take-off in the station in the town "WuChang", which is closer to the TUG2005 conference site and your hotel. There is another railway station in HanKou, if you arrive from Beijing, then you should *not* take-off there, keep in mind to take off in WuChang station can save your traffic, which is better.
If you arrive in Shanghai, note that it has two airports, one is New, located in the new developed district, PuDong, which is also far from Shanghai's downtown. You probably will land there if you take the international airlines, as the old airport is smaller. But please check with your airline company to clarify and make sure which airport you will land in.
If you can land in the old "HongQiao" airport, which is quite close to the Shanghai downtown (about 30 minutes by bus), and it is also easier to switch to the Shanghai railway station. There is a shuttle bus from the PuDong Airport to the HongQiao Airport, and vice versa. It is just one-stop bus (no station in-between, if you want to take off in the way to see the exciting Shanghai, you should take other bus lines). It costs RMB30.00 a person (ca 3 Euro), cross the city from the east to the west, and takes about 2 hours. When you arrive at HongQiao Airport, you can take the domestic flight Shanghai to Wuhan.
To summarize up, the recommended way is to Beijing, and then fly from Beijing to Wuhan. You need to check the airline in advance, as I know, many students will travel from China to Britain to start a new semester, your back way may be problematic.
After USSR, Russia is still the largest country in the world, the largest neighbor of China which the long boundary line. If you are from the west part of Russia, then take the flight from Moscow to Beijing, then take the flight or train to Wuhan. If you are from the far east area of Russia, then you are suggested to fly to Harbin, and make the transit from Harbin to Wuhan by air.
If you are from the CIS countries, e.g. the Kazakhstan, then the best way would be fly to Urumqi, and make the transit from Urumqi to Wuhan by air.
Please read the info given above. To come from America to Wuhan is almost the same to come from Europe to Wuhan, except your take-off place is different.
Seoul has flights to Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Guangzhou, so it is easy for you to come, just make one transit and you can travel to Wuhan.
There is a direct flight between Wuhan and , Japan, so it is quite simple to come if you are from Japan.
Perhaps the easiest way is to travel to Nanning (the capital city of GuangXi province) by train or by flight, then make the transit to Wuhan from there. You can also fly to Guangzhou (the capital city of Guangdong province, and make transit from there to Wuhan).
Indian guest may consider three possible routes:
One economic route is to travel to Dubai, UAE as the first stop, then make the transit there to China. Many airlines, including Air China, have the connection from Dubai to China. It is also possible to take a flight to an airport in Europe and make the transit there, see more explanation in the paragraph "If you are from Europe..." once you find a connection to China.
Both Air China and Australian airline have the direct flight to Beijing, Shanghai, or Hong Kong, so when you embark in one of these Chinese cities, you can make a transit to Wuhan, read also the info given in the paragraph "if you are from Europe...".
There are three "must-see" scenic spots in Wuhan: Huanghe (Yellow Crane) Pagoda, East Lake, and Guiyuan Temple, which are often cited by the locals as the Two Courses and One Soup of the city.
Huanghe Pagoda stands upon Snake Mountain in Wuchang and is famed for its "unrivaled scenery under the heaven". The tower, together with Yueyang Tower in Hunan Province and Tengwang Tower in Jiangxi Province, are called The Three Famous Towers South of Yangtze River.
The Huanghe Tower was originally built in A.D. 223 during the Three Kingdoms Period. Millions of writers left countless literature works after visiting the tower and the most famous of all was the masterpiece of Cui Hao (Tang Dynasty) which reads: "Once gone, the yellow crane will never on Earth alight, only white clouds still float in vain from year to year." These poems further enhanced the regal nature of the tower.
The logo of the conference borrowed the idea from the sagas, but used it reversively.
The East Lake is six times as large as the West Lake in Hangzhou. The banks of the lake zigzag like a woman with a gracefully twisted body. The Millstone Mountain lies on the southern bank of East Lake, with a length of about 2,200 m and a width of about 500 m. The mountain spawned six peaks and with the highest one resembling a millstone, the mountain wa s given this name.
Centered around Millstone Mountain, a Chu (the old name for Hubei Province) City was built and spanned some 5 sq. km. Scenic spots in Chu City such as the City Gate, Chu Market, Chu Observatory, and Chuci (an ancient Chinese literary style in this area) Pavilion, were all designed to reflect the unique Chu culture. East Lake Park is encompassed by water in three directions and the six peaks link with each other. Pine, laurel and plum trees grow with lush abundance on top of the mountains. Famous with this extradianry beauty, the Park attracts tourists from far and wide.
The Conference will be held in the hotel near the East lake!
Guiyuan Temple is a famous Buddhist temple with a history of more than 300 years. The temple's construction, Buddhist scriptures and scores of statues have been kept intact throughout the years. Featuring 500 gold arhat figures, the Guiyuan Temple has garnered its own level of media notoriety throughout the globe.
Apart from these time-honoured attractions, some new scenic spots can be found in Wuhan as well including the White-Flag Dolphin Aquarium, Wildlife Park, Chibi Battle Gallery and the bustling Zhongshan Street.
We'll also organize the participants to visit Wudang Mountain, where it is the birthplace of Taoism, for more details, please visit this page.
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