[texhax] very long nested expressions in math-mode
Torsten Anders
torstenanders at gmx.de
Mon Oct 17 15:20:18 CEST 2005
Dear all,
Firstly, I should mention that I am new to this list. I read the FAQ
and quite some docomentation to find an answer to my problem, without
success unfortunately. Nevertheless, I apologise in case I missed
something obvious.
I want to transform program source examples into mathematical notation
in Latex (tetex, i.e. incl. AMS packages), because that way the
examples become more concise and better to communicate. Because the
source is based on functional and logic programming, the available
algorithm packages are less suited -- the result is too easily misread
as procedural programming. Instead, I would prefer to write plain math
expressions.
In short, my problem is that I need to write rather long expressions
(e.g. highly nested and with long variable names for
comprehensibility). Thus, line breaks are inevitable. Naturally, the
continued expression should be indented to indicate the nested
structure of the expression. That is, I don't what to mechanically
indent by a certain amount (e.g. by \quad), but the indentation should
depend on the indentation depth of the surrounding, e.g., function
call. For instance, a short dummy example may read like this:
xs = find(map([1, 2, 3],
f : f(x) = x^3),
isEven)
The most easy way to do something like this is probably to use
mono-space fonts in some verbatim environment. However, I would prefer
to write my example in Latex's math mode: e.g., I would prefer to use
signs like \vee, \wedge, \bigwedge etc.
To avoid getting lost in my own long Latex examples, I would like to
define some suitable Latex command, e.g., to get the example above I
would like to write something like
$xs = \Apply{find}{\Apply{map}{[1,2,3], \\ f : f(x) = x^3}, \\ isEven}$
So far I did not find a way to define \Apply as above and get a
suitable output. In the following, I present a few of my attempts to
set my examples. However, none of what I came up with so far is really
satisfying. Perhaps anybody here can help me..
Here comes my first naive attempt to define \Apply:
\newcommand{\Apply}[2]{\ensuremath{#1 ( \begin{aligned}[t] #2
\end{aligned} ) }}
which is called
$xs = \Apply{find}{&\Apply{map}{&[1,2,3], \\ &f : f(x) = x^3}, \\
&isEven}$
The additional '&' makes the code slightly less readable, but the
actual problem is that everything after the aligned environment (i.e.
the comma and the cloing parenthesis) 'go back' on the original line
like
xs = find(map([1, 2, 3], ),)
f : f(x) = x^3
isEven
Next try:
\newcommand{\Apply}[3]{\ensuremath{#1 ( \begin{aligned}[t] #2 ) #3
\end{aligned} }}
$xs = \Apply{find}{&\Apply{map}{&[1,2,3], \\ &f : f(x) = x^3}{,} \\
&isEven}{}$
This results in the desired output, but for complex examples with
parenthesis/brackets/curly braces in the third \Apply argument this
becomes very hard to read and the editor (i.e. emacs) can't help
anymore.
To avoid the problem that after a box -- which starts at the current
line but introduces some line breaks -- the current line is _not_
continued I tried to center the whole expression:
\newcommand{\Apply}[2]{\ensuremath{#1 \left( \begin{aligned} #2
\end{aligned} \right) }}
$xs = \Apply{find}{&\Apply{map}{&[1,2,3], \\ &f : f(x) = x^3}, \\
&isEven}$
The structure of the resulting expression is still clearly readable and
the code is also more easy to write. However, this layout can also
easily be misread: instead surrounding the arguments of a function call
the parenthesis look more like a binom (and reducing the gap between
the function name and the parenthesis does not really overcome that).
:-P
Does anybody have a better idea how to set very long nested
expressions? Any help is most appreciated!
Best wishes,
Torsten
--
Torsten Anders
Sonic Arts Research Centre
Queen's University Belfast (UK)
www.torsten-anders.de
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