[OS X TeX] [MacTeX 2015] Cannot open Ghostscript for piped input
Don Green Dragon
fergdc at Shaw.ca
Mon Dec 14 22:39:10 CET 2015
On 12Dec2015, at 1:09 PM, Herbert Schulz <herbs at wideopenwest.com> wrote:
>> On Dec 12, 2015, at 1:37 PM, Don Green Dragon <fergdc at Shaw.ca> wrote:
>> Hi Herb,
>> Have been following the thread and after reading
>> On 10Dec2015, at 3:36 PM, Herb Schulz <herbs at wideopenwest.com> wrote:
>>> sudo chown root:wheel /usr/local/bin
>> I gave the command above and this is what followed (between the hashed lines)
> Very dramatic! Were you having the same problem as that person; not being able to run Ghostscript (gs)?
No no! Everything is working beautifully here. Often when following a thread which advises someone to «try the following» I copy the various commands to the Terminal to see how the response I receive differs or agrees with others. So, without much forethought, I entered the `chown’ command above. Shortly after doing that I panicked because of the vague recall that `chown’ had something to do with «change ownership». Hence my message! Most of the time, the commands are ‘’information gathering ones’’ so harm should not touch my machine, but with `chown’ I was asleep.
> I don't know if you even needed to do that at all.
I doubt that it was needed — no bad vibes have resulted.
> That person's /usr/local/bin directory was owned by user `504' (that was the UID for that user) with group `wheel'; it should have been owned by `root' with group `wheel' and that command fixed that.
Thanks for the explanation.
> Take a look at the results of
> ls -alF /usr/local
> and the line for bin should look something like
> drwxr-xr-x 432 root wheel 14688 Sep 26 06:11 bin/
doncarvel:~$ ls -alF /usr/local
drwxr-xr-x 53 root wheel 1802 11 Nov 01:07 bin/
which has the structure you suggested.
> (that 14688 could be very different for different users). That shows that the owner is `root' and group is `wheel'. The drwxr-xr-x in front show that it is a directory (d), the following `rwx' mean that the owner (root) can read/write/execute bin (`execute' means that the contents of the directory are visible) while the following `r-x' mean that members of the group (wheel) can read/execute (again, execute means look at the contents of the directory but cannot write to that directory and the final `r-x' refers to everyone else.
> The original person couldn't execute gs because he wasn't allowed to even look in that directory; the permission bits were originally drwx------ so that only the owner (originally user 504, with root after that command I gave) could even look inside that directory to access what's in it. (Well, root can look inside any directory so even when it was owned by 504 root could see inside it.)
> Hope that explains things.
Yes, it does, and thank you for your time and trouble.
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